need to be cited from 2-3 peer reviewed papers. Need 3 pages APA format.    1.

 need to be cited from 2-3 peer reviewed papers. Need 3 pages APA format. 

1. Was cybersecurity a priority at Target? Explain.
2. How did lax security impact Target’s sales revenue and profit performance?
3. According to experts, how was the data breach executed?
4. In addition to the data theft, what else was damaged by this incident?
5. Was this cybersecurity incident foreseeable? Was it avoidable?
6. Why might management not treat cyberthreats as a top priority?
7. Research recent news concerning this data breach. Has Target recovered from it? Explain.
8. Assuming that the CEO and CIO were forced to resign, what message does that send to senior management at U.S. companies?

  Options 1 & 2: Business Proposal For this  assignment, you will write a propo

Options 1 & 2: Business Proposal
For this  assignment, you will write a proposal to your organization’s senior  management team for a project you would like to receive approval for.  The section titled Practical Skills: Proposal Writing in the interactive  lecture on page V of Module 7 provides guidance to help you determine  the specific needs of your audience.
Your proposal will be based on the work you have already done for the  Module 6 Critical Thinking Assignment.  You will be writing on the  topic you chose for that assignment, either:

Leadership Training Need Identified
Reward and Recognition Program Needed

Review the information provided in the Module 7, Page V, Practical Skills: Proposal Writing, interactive lecture.  Use the proposal template (link below) for the assignment.
Your proposal should be 6-8 pages in length and conform to CSU-Global Guide to Writing and APA Requirements.  Include at least 5 scholarly references, proper in-text citation, and a  reference page. The CSU-Global Library is a good place to find these  references.

  Purpose of Assignment  To locate, retrieve, and evaluate the effects of macroe

Purpose of Assignment 
To locate, retrieve, and evaluate the effects of macroeconomic indicators on your own decision making. 
Assignment Steps 
Resources: Tutorial help on Excel® and Word functions can be found on the Microsoft® Office website. There are also additional tutorials via the web offering support for Office products. 
Scenario: Consider your last big purchase such as a car, appliances, home repairs, home purchase, computer equipment, college tuition, or another “big-ticket” item, which are often purchased using loans/financing (by borrowing money). Also consider your decision-making process that led you to choose a particular make, model, or brand of the product (or service) you purchased and whether it was the right time to make the purchase given economic conditions at the time of your purchase. While analyzing your decision, keep in mind everything from interest rates to the prices of complementary and substitute goods are driven by human economic behavior. 
Develop a minimum 1,050-word analysis of your decision-making process in which you include the following:

Retrieve statistics on Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and on Real Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) by year for the last ten years. You can retrieve those statistics from internet sources including, but not limited to, the Federal Reserve of St. Louis’s FRED web site, the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) web site, or another credible source of your choice. Post these statistics in a single worksheet of an Excel® workbook and submit your Excel® file with your report. In your report, discuss the latest 10-year trends in both GDP and PCE. Also discuss how the trends in GDP compare with trends in PCE. You are encouraged to include graphs of these statistics in your report; you could create the graphs in Excel®and copy them into your report.
Retrieve statistics on the Effective Federal Funds Rate and on the Consumer Price Index: All Items Less Food and Energy by year for the last 30 years. You can retrieve those statistics from internet sources including, but not limited to, the Federal Reserve of St. Louis’s FRED web site, the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) web site, or other credible sources of your choice. Post these statistics in a single worksheet of an Excel® workbook and submit your Excel® file with your report. In your report, discuss how the trends in the Effective Federal Funds Rate compare with trends in inflation. If you took out a loan to pay for your “big-ticket” purchase, what was the interest rate on your loan? Were interest rates rising or falling at that time?  Were interest rates relatively high or low at that time? You are also encouraged to include graphs of these statistics in your report.
Discuss the influence of any Federal government or state government programs, such as tax credits or tax deductions for energy-saving/efficiency purchases, on your decision to make your last big purchase; or if government incentives did not factor into your decision, explain why not.
Develop conclusions about the economy’s influence on personal and business decision-making relative to purchases of big-ticket items, investments, or other major purchases. 

Cite a minimum of three peer-reviewed sources. Note: The Federal Reserve of St. Louis, the Bureau of Economic Analysis, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics can be cited to fulfill this requirement. 
Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines. 

  Why wouldn’t you want to post a payment against an invoice directly to a bank

Why wouldn’t you want to post a payment against an invoice directly to a bank account?

A. It will duplicate income
B. It will create a negative Accounts Receivable
C. It won’t reduce Accounts Receivable correctly
D. The deposits from the bank statement automatically post to income
E. The deposits in QuickBooks generally won’t match up with the deposits on the bank statement

Your client calls you to figure out why he suddenly has an amount showing in his balance sheet for Opening Balance Equity. Which of the following errors could he have made that would result in a balance existing in the Opening Balance Equity account?

A. Condensed the file
B. Entered an owner’s draw banking transfer
C. Closed retained earnings to owner’s equity
D. Received new inventory items on a bill without making a purchase order
E. Entered an opening balance when setting up the liability account for a new truck purchase

Your client recorded a check in the prior fiscal year that did not clear and was re-issued in the current fiscal year. They are accrual based taxpayers and the return for the prior fiscal year has been completed. Which of the following is the best method to repair this issue?

A. Use the Write Off Invoices tool to void the check in the current fiscal year
B. Delete/void the check from the prior fiscal year and create a new check in the current fiscal year
C. Delete the check and re-enter as a bill payment using the same check number and date originally used
D. Change the date and the check number of the original check entered in the prior fiscal year to match the new check number and date
E. Create a deposit to the same expense account as the original check but dated in the current period, then reconcile them against each other

Trudie Lyn calls you because a bill is still showing due but she knows she paid it and her bank and credit cards are all reconciled. You determined she recorded an expense instead of paying the bill through bill payment. What steps would you take to repair this issue?

A. Delete the bill
B. Delete the expense and create a bill payment
C. Enter a credit memo to offset the amount of the bill
D. Open the expense and add the bill from the transaction drawer
E. Created a delayed credit and when the next bill comes, apply the delayed credit to the bill

When going in to reconcile a bank account, you realize that the beginning balance does not match the statement. Where can you view changes made to a bank account’s reconciled period?

A. Chart of Accounts
B. Audit Trail Report
C. Reconciliation Report
D. Reconciliation History
E. Banking Changes screen

  Defining Normal and Abnormal At this stage in your study of human psychology,

Defining Normal and Abnormal
At this stage in your study of human psychology, you might be wondering, “I can often recognize what I consider to be abnormal behavior, so why is it so difficult to define?” As you found in this week’s assigned reading, some of the issues involved in distinguishing abnormal from normal behavior are complex and fraught with controversy. Additionally, the definition of abnormal behavior can change with time.
To prepare:

Review the definitions of abnormal and abnormality in Chapter 1 of your text.
Analyze how the definitions align, overlap, or differ.
Reflect on how these statements or others might have changed your ideas of what constitutes abnormal behavior.

With these thoughts in mind:
Post by Day 3 a comparison of normal and abnormal behavior, drawing from your original definition of abnormal behavior and from the definitions put forth in the Learning Resources. Include any challenges you might see in using these definitions to guide the assessment of your clients.
Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references from the Learning Resources.

 Write a 1,050- to 1400-word paper that evaluates a continuous process improveme

 Write a 1,050- to 1400-word paper that evaluates a continuous process improvement plan for a selected organization.

Address the following in your paper: 

Explain the JIT philosophy.
Explain the metrics and processes that you will use to monitor and sustain planned improvements for the organization.
Develop metrics to quantify the level of improvement needed in your selected processes.
Compare and contrast various measurement techniques that can be used to measure and sustain the new To-Be process. 
Select one or two measurement techniques, and describe why they were selected for this organization.
Describe Value Stream Mapping and how it can be used to improve the To-Be Process.
Evaluate the most important parts of the Value Stream Mapping.
Recommend ongoing processes that will benefit the organization.
Analyze how the organization can sustain continuous improvement by using the new, improved processes.

Cite at least three references. 

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

   All follow-up posts to your classmates must be a minimum of 150 words for eac

All follow-up posts to your classmates must be a minimum of 150 words for each required post. 

Student 1

Hackers and crackers alike all seem to believe that what they are doing is for a greater good.  Many of the modern hackers make various claims, like they are only trying to find problems and correct them to protect people, or that they were bored and only hacking to learn more about the technology and computers that they are using.  The true hackers can become an asset for companies to help conduct penetration testing and other vulnerability type of scans, the rest are simply breaking the law and should be tried as criminals.  Simply because these individuals have created hacking communities and manifestos, does not mean that they should receive any leniency from law enforcement.  Besides it is not the cops that determine how these individuals are tried it is the DA office that actually tries them, the police simply arrest those individuals that have broken laws.  This is no different that the DA prosecuting someone for growing illegal drugs in the name of pain relief for people with cancer or any other ailment.  Is their intent honorable?  Maybe, but the laws are written for specific purposes, and it can be too difficult for Law Enforcement to determine who is more or less ethically trying to work within the laws.

The problem I see with the Bank Secrecy Act now is that with computer access an individual can go in or set up daily transfers, using smaller amounts that would never cause any flags to fly.  Sending these transactions to multiple accounts repeatedly, making the money virtually impossible to track.  An individual could also set up a false charity for the money to be sent to, and once the money is captured close or crash the charity leaving limited traces to the money.

Student 2

What are the      “virtues” of hacking as described by hackers? Do these virtues      justify breaking the law? Should police take the “higher” goals      pursed by hackers into consideration when making arrests? Why or why      not. 

Bitglass, a security firm surveyed over 100 black and white hat hackers alike at the 2017 Black Hat conference and 82.8 percent of the hackers interviewed said that the primary motivation behind hacking is monetary gain (Mierzejewski, 2017). In the same pool 48% of the hackers believe that hacking is either neutral or always good while only 3.9% said hacking was bad (Mierzejewski, 2017). These numbers tell a cautionary tale about what hackers consider good and bad. They admit that monetary gain and stealing information is the main reason behind hacking however almost half of the people who said this state that this is not wrong that is in fact neutral or completely okay by their standards. This tells me that hackers believe what they do is right for some reason even when the main point of their hacking activity is stealing money or information for monetary gain.
I do not believe that police should take into consideration the higher goals pursued by hackers into consideration when making arrests mainly based around the fact that there are so many loopholes and gray areas in the legal system now. These loopholes allow hackers to get away with crimes and never be prosecuted already and if they start adding addendums or other exceptions to what this prosecutable the hackers who are hacking maliciously it will muddle the waters even more in the legal system.

 2. What is the Bank Secrecy Act of 1970? How has the advent of computer technologies created avenues around this act? The bank secrecy act is a tool leveraged by law enforcement agencies of all types to enforce money laundering crimes. This Bank Secrecy Act requires banks and other financial institutions to file records concerning suspicious financial transactions over 10, 000 dollars. These financial transactions could include large cash deposits or withdrawals, foreign bank exchanges and cross border currency transports to name a few. However, this left many loopholes open as computer technologies became more advanced and understood which led to issues such as borderless cyberlaundering which made it nearly impossible for law enforcement agencies to investigate and prosecute those responsible for committing this crime. This technology allows money launderers to move money very swiftly and the ability to obscure the origin and owner of large amounts of cash. Technology makes it easier for smurfing which is moving money in a series of transactions over a short period of time. In addition to the already difficult task for law enforcement to sniff out these money launderers the use of E-cash or currency that does not physically exist makes it much harder for them to detect and defend against future more sophisticated attacks.

Mierzejewski, S. (2017, October 23). Hacker Confessions: What do they think of themselves? What are their favorite targets? Retrieved November 22, 2017, from
Taylor, R.W., Fritsch, E.J., & Liederbach, J. (2015). Digital crime and digital terrorism (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson

 This is due November 24, 2017 Before 11:59 pm that is central time. This is a h

 This is due November 24, 2017 Before 11:59 pm that is central time. This is a history 1302 class writing assignment please no plagiarism, I will definitely check so .. also the topic of this research paper is  The impact of English settlement on the native communities . This is what my instructor approved my topic of. Please make note of that of the topic for this research paper

Instructions below:
IResearch Paper Instructions
Must  be from an American History topic from the period covered by the course  and approved by instructor. (1301 covers pre-Columbian America to  1865).  4-6 typed pages in length in a 12 point font and double spaced.   Failure to meet minimum length will result in multiple letter grade  point reduction.  Bibliography and Cover page are not counted for  length, nor do pictures, lists or any tertiary or non-related  information.  Format must be Turabian or Chicago.  Cite sources, number  pages, and provide name and class information.   Student must have at  least three sources, none  of which may be the textbook or instructor lecture. Sources must be of  good quality (no wikis or entertainment websites) and include authors or  be attached to academic journals. Papers must be turned in through the  Turn-it-In link on the class webpage, failure or refusal to do so will  result in an automatic ZERO for the paper.
You  will be expected to conclude the paper with a conclusion that  summarizes events and makes a moral judgement about those events  answering the questions: 1. Were those behind the events demonstrating  personal responsibility?  2. Did reason and morality play a role in the  important choices made?  3.Would you have made the same decision if you found yourself in the position of the decision maker(s)?  Why or why not? 4.If you would have acted differently, how so and why? 
Reference Turabian Guide.docx
and Example Paper.docx
and When to cite.docx
or contact the instructor if you have a question regarding format.
 I will grade all discussion paper using the attached rubric: History Research Papers Rubric.docx

  Write a 1,400- to 1,750-word paper, discussing the role of art in America sinc

Write a 1,400- to 1,750-word paper, discussing the role of art in America since the Gilded Age. Include discussion of the following:

-Beginning with the Gilded Age, how has art been a reflection of society? Describe and examine at least three examples you have encountered or examined in this course to support your conclusions.
-How art, in the context of the social justice movements of the 20th century, challenged and shaped American society. 
-The role of diversity in the development of the arts and how it changed throughout the last century in the United States.
-Your opinion on the role of art today; how does it continue to remain relevant to our lives? How could it change or develop to become more relevant to our lives?

Format your paper according to appropriate course level APA guidelines.

    Peer posts      (3 required) 200 words each Due  (Sunday) Student 1 When


Peer posts      (3 required) 200 words each Due  (Sunday)

Student 1
When looking into this week’s forum questions and also reading the required readings this week’s topic has really got my gears spinning and thought process going. No one ever really thinks about the big picture when it comes to the mental status of people as they are going through a big event or incident like the post hurricane disaster ones. The mindset that people get into whenever they are fighting to make ends meet during a disaster are tremendously different then their normal state of mind. This survival skill allows for the quick assessment of alternatives, selection of actions, and changes of plans as necessary given the conditions of the trauma (Shalev A. Y., 2000).
As we look into the many different should’ve could’ve would’ve situations that could have helped the people within the impacted hurricane area we will not change the outcome of future disasters by simply pointing the blame in someone else’s direction. We as a society must ensure that we just do aas much as we can to ensure it doesn’t happen again. The typical human response to disaster has been shown to follow three distinct phases:  alarm, resistance, and return.  The latter, return, can be either a return to equilibrium should the threat pass without necessary intervention by the human, or exhaustion should he or she be forced to engage other systems to survive (Seyle, 1956). 
People who go through the mass disaster like Hurricane Katrina are defiantly going to be impacted mentally for the rest of their lives from going through such a drastically large event. Though some people will only have short term affects others may have longer term effects if not treated properly. The human biological response to disasters is a complex mechanism involving nearly all systems of the body. It involves not only biological defenses against threats known as the General Adaptation Response, but also learning and adaptation, recognition of social cues, ordering of cognitive disarray and chaos, and coping mechanisms for separation and loss (Shalev A. Y., 2000).
Seyle, H. (1956). The Stress of Life. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Shalev, A. V. (2002). Acute stress reaction in adults. Society of Biological Psychiatry, 532-543.

Student 2
Hi Class,
Before hurricane Maria, hurricane Katrina was the worst in modern America. After reading the article from Newsweek, although it is sad and hard to imagine the psychological state of the victims, let’s see if we can have a context around it.
Like every disaster, there is preparation phase, response phase, recovery phase and finally the mitigation phase.  What we tend to forget more than often is the recovery phase of individuals impacted by the disaster and this case Katrina. Achieving the psychological recovery of victims requires a return to feelings of autonomy and control, thus allowing negative feelings such as inability and worthless to decline. Individuals exposed to a natural disaster also need to understand the event to which they were exposed, the role they may have played in the occurrence of this traumatic event and the feelings they experience. Allowing individuals to speak also helps to prevent the withdrawal reaction, which accompanies avoidance, which releases post-traumatic stress symptoms. In the case of Katrina, victims who gathered at the Superdome  may feel comforted and strengthened by sharing their experience of suffering; but not everyone will have that mindset because trauma response is  “based on their prior exposure to traumatic events, socioeconomic factors, age, gender, personality traits, cognitive skills, and relationships” (Kousky, 2016) with relatives and  the community.
Bridging with others can be achieved as well as building or strengthening social relationships. In the article, this aspect has been materialized when Taphina moved to Houston to start a new life. Unfortunately, the environment change hasn’t worked for her.
In their process of exchange with other victims, individuals can see the strength and courage of the group, they can also mitigate their feelings of isolation and devaluation caused by their exposure to a disaster. In their discussions with FEMA and public health authorities, victims should be informed of the difficulties they face and the possible solutions available to them.
Survivors of a natural disaster also need to hear that normal reactions to trauma are anxiety, insomnia, and hyperactivity. In addition, they should be aware that these symptoms can be effectively treated so they do not feel helpless. In addition, a replenishment of basic resources can help especially getting a new job, cash from FEMA, a new apartment or new car. However, for those new resources to provide satisfaction and dilute the trauma and not pushing individuals into PTSD, they have to work. Again, going back to Taphina, her car engine has catch fire and that alone is another stressor.
From this week reading, victims of disasters have the drive to take steps that” tend to become focused and directed toward accomplishment of specific goals” (Week 3 reading) and accomplishing those goals represents the only thing in their minds and bring them back to a sense of self-worth again.
Kousky, C. (2016). Impacts of natural disasters on children. The Future of Children, 26(1) Retrieved from

Student 3
In a city of vitality, life, hope and passion it is easy to see how residents in New Orleans would have truly believed they possessed a safe refuge from the storm. The city they loved and were a part of that always provided the sense of home surely could continue to provide safety, after all home is your safe haven. This false sense of security can lead people into making foolish mistakes and reacting at times in a disaster in a nonsensical type manner. In a Newsweek article a mother described her life in New Orleans as hopeful “It was enough to make her finally feel hopeful about her future. “I felt like I was accomplishing something with my life,”  (Campo-Flores, 2006). This was the sense of her love for her home that she felt before Hurricane Katrina ravaged her life and her hope for a future.
Despite all of the warnings and the news coverage put out to the public regarding Hurricane Katrina and the threats it posed, many residents chose not to evacuate the city. Many stayed and for many this decision to stay altered their lives forever. As Hurricane Katrina continued to grow in strength and size beginning to cause disaster after disaster, many of those who did not evacuated found themselves in a state of shock and panic. The human responses of Fight or Flight began to kick in.  The stage of flight is where people exhibit fear and try to escape from the occurrence of an emergency or disaster. A large portion of the public that didn’t evacuate were those from impoverished areas around New Orleans. Many people suffered physiological trauma that will affect them for the rest of their lives from this tragedy. The rate at which our government did and also did not respond to this tragedy impacted lives, the outcome and rebuilding that will last decades. The stories of loss of loved ones, property, abuse, the loss of self and security and safety began to circulate. It was a frenzy and the impacted many began to feel even more lost. The director of FEMA was even quoted as saying “that he’d been unaware of the thousands gathered at the Convention Center. Later that evening an incredulous Ted Koppel on ABC was left with no choice but to ask if the FEMA director was watching the same television coverage as the rest of the nation. (Williams, 2005). The nation and the world watched on as lives were at a standstill as the stories of the impacted flowed out.
The unfolding events that paralleled Hurricane Katrina as it raged on New Orleans was one of the largest most devastating events in our history. It is the story of disaster and human tragedy that the U.S. continues to be challenged with.
The disaster did allow fellow Americans to step back and be introspective as they watched it’s unfolding. It shed light on the level of poverty in this country. In addition, it posed questions for future preparedness of natural disasters and opened new doors for medicine and recovery. As so many watched on and were also psychologically affected, it broadened the sense of humanity in many. How can one help his or her fellow man or women? How can man best care for his or her loved ones? The psychological effects of Hurricane Katrina were life changing for many people. Many suffered psychological, financial and emotional damage and losses that will never be recouped. It takes a community of people to heal people affected by tragedy, a community of people who give the feeling of home and sense of self a new beginning.  Human responses to disasters will vary but human strength, compassion and adaptability continue to drive men forward.
CampCampo-Flores, A. (2006). Symbol of the storm. News Week, 2.
WilliaWilliams, B. (2005). Eve of the destruction . NY New York: NBC News.