Describe two common microorganisms, fungal infections and viral infections that can cause wounds:

Describe two common microorganisms, fungal infections and viral infections that can cause wounds:
(NB, this question is not asking for microorganisms, funguses or viruses that can infect existing wounds, only how each of these can lead to new wounds)
Cause Description
Common bacterial infections _______________________________________________________________________________________________
Common fungal infections _______________________________________________________________________________________________
Common viral infections _______________________________________________________________________________________________
Answer in a separate documents and attached it to the submission space provided below:
The following are clinical manifestations of arterial or venous ulcers. Match the signs and symptoms to the correct ulcer type by writing a V for venous or A for arterial
Skin may look shiny and feel tight to touch
Select one:
a. A
b. V
Question 3
Question text
Often found on bony prominences of the foot, tips of toes or in between toes
Select one:
a. V
b. A
Question 4
Question text
Very painful on walking
Select one:
a. A
b. V
Question 5
Question text
Surrounding skin may feel warm to touch
Select one:
a. A
b. V
Question 6
Question text
The skin can feel cool to touch
Select one:
a. V
b. A
Question 7
Question text
Uneven edges, irregular shaped borders that appear moist
Select one:
a. A
b. V
Question 8
Question text
Can be found anywhere from ankle to mid-calf
Select one:
a. A
b. V
Question 9
Question text
Can have a wet, necrotic area or dry scab
Select one:
a. V
b. A
Question 10
Question text
Pale and dry with little or any granulating tissue
Select one:
a. A
b. V
Question 11
Question text
Very painful at rest
Select one:
a. V
b. A
Question 12
Question text
Can have medium to high exudate
Select one:
a. V
b. A
Question 13
Question text
Ulcers appear red in colour
Select one:
a. A
b. V
Question 14
Question text
Normally shallow wound base
Select one:
a. A
b. V
Question 15
Question text
Clean, well demarcated edges
Select one:
a. A
b. V
Describe what a “mixed ulcer” is and where it is most common on the human body:
With an A for Acute or a C for chronic, chose the correct type of wound described
Wounds that heal within a short period of time (around 6 weeks)
Select one:
a. A
b. C
Question 18
Question text
Surgical Wounds
Select one:
a. A
b. C
Question 19
Question text
Wounds that take from 6 weeks onwards and can take more than 12 months to heal
Select one:
a. A
b. C
Question 20
Question text
Sacral Pressure wounds with a sinus
Select one:
a. C
b. A
Question 21
Question text
Wounds that require Vac dressing therapy
Select one:
a. C
b. A
Question 22
Question text
Stage 1 or 2 wound with minimal exudate and no sloughy tissue present
Select one:
a. C
b. A
Question 23
Question text
Stage 3 and 4 wounds with high exudate and sloughy tissue present
Select one:
a. C
b. A
Question 24
Question text
Burns (caused by direct heat or flame)
Select one:
a. C
b. A
Question 25
Question text
Diabetic ulcers
Select one:
a. A
b. C
Question 26
Question text
Trauma
Select one:
a. C
b. A
Question 27
Question text
Tropical Ulcers
Select one:
a. C
b. A
28. Describe each of the four wound stages:
29. Commonly known as “bed sores”, describe how pressure ulcers occur, risk factors leading to pressure ulcers and how to recognise them
30. Describe the following tissue types;
a) Granulating
b) Sloughy
c) Necrotic
d) Epitheleal
31. Describe the characteristics of;
· First degree burns
· Second degree burns
· Third degree burns
32. Describe the difference between a fistula and a sinus:
33. Sandra lives with Type I Diabetes Mellitus. She has a sore on her foot that won’t heal.
a) What is this wound called?
b) Why are these common in people with DM?
34. a) List the three major body cavities that hold visceral organs?
b) Give three examples of visceral wounds that your clients may present with:
35. While moistness is a good sign in a wound, some discharges should be treated with caution, as they might indicate infection.
Define what following types of exudate look like and what they may indicate to a nurse:
· Serous drainage
· Sanguinous Exudate
· Serisanguineous Exudate
· Seropurulent Exudate
· Purulent Exudate
36. Describe the aetiology and manifestation of malignant wounds:
37. Wounds that are created by medical professionals include;
a) Surgical wounds
b) Skin grafts
Describe each type of wound and how they occur:
38. List the six links in the chain of infection and give a brief explanation of each one:
39. Describe at least two ways to break each link in the chain of infection:
40. What factors affect the likelihood of infection in a wound?
Include at least three and explain why you chose these factors
41. Review the NSQHS “Standard 3: Preventing and Controlling Healthcare Associated Infections” and answer the following questions:
a) What is the first criterion of this standard and what does it mean?
b) Choose three actions from this standard, and describe how you will implement them when caring for wounds:
An example action is below:
3.13.1 Mechanisms are in use for checking for pre-existing healthcare associated infections or communicable disease on presentation for care
42. hoose three other National Safety and Quality Health Service (NSQHS) Standards that can apply to wound management, and describe how?
43. How have wound management strategies evolved from historical approaches to today’s contemporary approaches?
44. Read the Royal Children’s Hospital Wound Care Clinical Guidelines (link below) and describe five key things you would need to do if you were working in this hospital.
http://www.rch.org.au/rchcpg/hospital_clinical_guideline_index/wound_care/
45. Conduct some research and find at least three community and educational resources and professional organisations associated with wound management List them here and describe briefly what they do:
46. Describe how you can apply a problem solving framework to managing care of a client’s wounds:
47. What are the key principles of wound management?
48. a) You have a client, Rosa, who is suffering from bedsores on her lower back and right hip, she is not in pain from them, but is uncomfortable because she has to stay on her left side to remove the pressure. What can you do to improve her comfort levels?
b) You have a client, Kristin, who has had surgery to reconstruct her ankle and tells you her pain is intense. She rates it as a 9 on the pain scale, and has been set up with a PCA device, which she has been using per her surgeon’s instruction, she tells you this isn’t working. What can you do to help her manage her pain?
c) Francisco has severe burns, after a deep fryer in his café broke and spilled down his thighs. He is on your ward, going through skin graft procedures. He complains that he is experiencing pain and discomfort and that he can’t seem to get any relief. What can you do to help Francisco?
49. Why is holistic assessment still important when dealing with a localised wound?
50. Can all clients with the same wound types be cared for the same way?
Why or why not?
51. Assessment of the wound itself can be conducted using a number of assessment tools and measures. Describe the following and how they apply in the clinical setting in relation to wound management
Assessment / Tool Description and application to wound care
Skin assessment ____________________________________________________________________________________
Risk assessment ____________________________________________________________________________________
Wound measurement ____________________________________________________________________________________
Clinical photography ____________________________________________________________________________________
Wound tracing ____________________________________________________________________________________
Wound specimen collection ____________________________________________________________________________________
Doppler assessment ____________________________________________________________________________________
Consulting with the interdisciplinary team to interpret lab results ____________________________________________________________________________________
Answer in a separate document and attached it to the submission space provided below:
52. There are a range of assessments and programs that can be implemented to reduce the risk of pressure ulcers forming on your clients. Describe two assessment tools and three measures you can apply to help prevent pressure ulcers in your clients:
53. For the following wound types, describe what each one is, and what dressing you would apply to it:
Wound type Description Appropriate dressing
Black ____________________ ____________________
Yellow ____________________ ____________________
Green ____________________ ____________________
Red ____________________ ____________________
Pink ____________________ ____________________
Answer in separate document and attached it to the submission space provided below:
54. Describe the principles of moist wound healing and include three benefits of moist wound healing in your response:
55. Your client, Jordan, has recently undergone surgical anastomosis to restructure after removal of a perforated portion of his bowel.
a) When caring for Jordan, what complications should you look for in this internal wound as well as his external surgical site?
b) What are the signs of an anastomotic leak?
c) What should you do if you observe signs of an anastomotic leak?
56. Describe what wound debridement is and define each of the following types of wound debridement:
a) Autolytic
b) Enzymaytic
c) Surgical
d) Mechanical
57. What is the purpose of a wound drain, and how should you care for wound drainage systems?
58. When is compression therapy used in wound care, and how does it work?
59. List the steps of manual wound cleansing techniques for
a) A linear wound
b) An open wound
As if you were creating a user guide for someone:
60. here are three steps in the process of wound healing:
· Inflammation
· Proliferation
· Remodelling
Describe each of these stages:

Reading Assignment paper

 REA‘s should be no longer than 2 pages.
 The required template for these assignments is as follows:
 Name
 Reading Author
 Reading Title
 Date of Assigned Reading
 A general summary of the reading (five sentences max).
 7-10 “take-aways” or general facts from the reading (in your own words). These should be bullet points, but written in complete sentences.
 The most important finding/factor that stuck out to you (five sentences max).
 The sociological perspective incorporated in the reading.
 One multiple choice question from the reading.
Must include four response categories. One may be an “all of the above” or “none of the above.”
Must include the correct answer.
3 Must include a statement about the difficulty of the question (why is it a good question) and where the question can be found (page ?).
 1-2 statements about “what you liked most about the reading” and 1-2 statements about “what you liked least.””
 Paper Submission/Specifications:
o Write in complete sentences
o 12 pt. Times New Roman or Calibri font
o 1” margins
o Single spacing
o Single sided only

WW1 The Responsibility Debate

Who was responsible for the outbreak of world war one is the title of essay HOWEVER the only part I need done is THE RESPONSIBILITY DEBATE.

Using 3 or 4 Historians What side of the debate do they support!?

Names that I had collected for the responsibility debate were
Sidney Bradshaw Fay
Margaret McMillian
Niall Ferguson to name a few
Definately need Fritz Fischer and what side of the debate he support.
Preventative war..agressive war by germany in regard to the Schiefflan plan…a cock up theory all that type of stuff.

That is as much as I can offer…(I have already done events leading up to the war…balkans…alliances….assination etc) so am talking literally 250 per historians side of debate.

Thanks.

What Are Your Personal Values?

What Are Your Personal Values?

This self-reflection tool will enable you to think about and define your personal values.
Your values are the things that you believe are important in the way you live and work.
They (should) determine your priorities, and, deep down, they allow you to measure your choices.
When the things that you do and the way you behave match your values, life is usually good – you’re satisfied and content. But when these don’t align with your values, that’s when things feel… wrong. This can be a real source of unhappiness.
This is why making a conscious effort to identify your values is so important.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Defining Your Values
When you define your values, you discover what’s truly important to you. A good way of starting to do this is to look back on your life – to identify when you felt really good, and really confident that you were making good choices.
Step 1: Identify the times when you were happiest
What were you doing?
Were you with other people? Who?
What other factors contributed to your happiness?
Step 2: Identify the times when you were most proud
Use examples from your career and personal life.
Why were you proud?
Did other people share your pride? Who?
What other factors contributed to your feelings of pride?
Step 3: Identify the times when you were most fulfilled and satisfied
What need or desire was fulfilled?
How and why did the experience give your life meaning?
What other factors contributed to your feelings of fulfillment?
Step 4: Determine your top values, based on your experiences of happiness, pride, and fulfillment
Step 5: Prioritize your top values
This step is probably the most difficult, because you’ll have to look deep inside yourself. It’s also the most important step, because, when making a decision, you’ll have to choose between solutions that may satisfy different values. This is when you must know which value is more important to you.
Write down your top values, not in any particular order.
Look at the first two values and ask yourself, “If I could satisfy only one of these, which would I choose?” It might help to visualize a situation in which you would have to make that choice. For example, if you compare the values of service and stability, imagine that you must decide whether to sell your house and move to another country to do valuable foreign aid work, or keep your house and volunteer to do charity work closer to home.
Keep working through the list, by comparing each value with each other value, until your list is in the correct order.
Step 6: Reaffirm your values
Check your top-priority values, and make sure they fit with your life and your vision for yourself.
Do these values make you feel good about yourself?
Are you proud of your top three values?
Would you be comfortable and proud to tell your values to people you respect and admire?
Do these values represent things you would support, even if your choice isn’t popular, and it puts you in the minority?
When you consider your values in decision making, you can be sure to keep your sense of integrity and what you know is right, and approach decisions with confidence and clarity. You’ll also know that what you’re doing is best for your current and future happiness and satisfaction.
Making value-based choices may not always be easy. However, making a choice that you know is right is a lot less difficult in the long run.
Step 7: Summarize how these identified values may shape your business decisions.

ESSAY 1. (length requirement: minimum of 100 words;maximum point value: 10 points)

ESSAY 1. (length requirement: minimum of 100 words;maximum point value: 10 points)

Go to The Living Room Candidate website at http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/Links to an external site.  (If you are not able to access the site, use the Internet Exployer browser.)
You’ll find a collection of television ads used in presidential campaigns from 1952-2016. The ads are organized by year, type and issue. You will see how ads have evolved over time. You’ll also see how candidates use both positive and negative (or “contrast”) ads. In the case of positive ads, candidates focus primarily on their own strengths. In the case of negative ads, candidates draw a contrast between themselves and the opposition, and portray the opposition in a very unflattering light.

Answer the following:
A. Select one campaign ad. Explain the message in the ad and, in your view, the major strengths and/or weaknesses of the ad.
B. In your view, would the ad you selected be helpful to someone who is an undecided voter, that is, someone who is still trying to decide which candidate to vote for? Explain why or why not.
Essay 2. (length requirement: minimum 200 words;maximum point value: 25 points)
A. Go to the U.S. Census Bureau’s Infographics and Visualizations page at
https://www.census.gov/library/visualizations.2017.html   (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
Links to an external site.
B. Select three separate 2017 or 2018 Infographics or Visualizations. (Include the titles and years.)
C. Explain why you would consider each individual Infographic or Visualization you selected especially important–so important that you would want to bring the information in each source to the attention of legislators, such as members of Congress, state legislators, and/or local lawmakers (members of city councils, school boards, etc). Address each source separately.

Essay 3 (length requirement: minimum of 100 words;maximum point value: 10 points)
Select a “What If…?” reading in the textbook. (Do not select one assigned for any other assignment in the course.) Explain why you would or would not recommend this article to someone interested in learning more about U.S. government and politics. Include the full title of the “What If…?” and the chapter it is from in your essay.

Competency Skill Development 1007.1 Course: Introduction to OT: OTH 1007

Competency Skill Development 1007.1
Course: Introduction to OT: OTH 1007
Learning goals and performance outcome
Master Syllabus Objective # 14

Demonstrate how to use available college and library resources including electronic databases to conduct a literature review, understand APA style, articulate importance of research studies and data collection using professional journals. Use critical analysis and employ logical thinking skills necessary for an independent learner.
COMPUTER USE AND APA SKILLS
ACOTE STANDARD
B.8.2. Effectively locates and understands information, including the quality of the source of information.
Curriculum Thread #1: Professional behavior and ethics
Effectively communicate through written documentation and verbal skills including demonstration of social and cultural awareness.
Writing and documentation assignments and competencies
SKILL (S)
For the APA paper
Students will read Unit VI of Wagenfeld, 2016 and select an area of interest within the traditional or emerging practice areas or emerging trends in the OT profession.
Students will conduct a database search and print a list of five (5) references published within the last 10 years that relate to the chosen area of interest At least two (2) of the references should be from peer- reviewed articles. The remaining three (3) can be from reputable websites. The reference list has to be in APA format.
Students will write a three-page paper on their area of interest using APA format.
For the paper, students should select at least one of the peer-reviewed research articles from their list and they may complement with any of the other references from the list. Although no headings are required, the paper should have an introductory portion, a body which has to include researched information and personal view, as well as a conclusion portion.
Students will include all researched information from the relevant sources accurately paraphrased and all in-text citation will have to follow APA format.
Students will submit assignment in electronic format to demonstrate their familiarity with use of technology.
For the presentation

ACTIVITY/PROCESS
Activities and Processes/steps
Select a field of interest in OT
Areas may include any specialty area, either traditional or emerging as describes in the 2016 Wagenfeld textbook.
Research
Complete a search on a library database with access to OT professional journals.
Select at least one- peer-reviewed research article to cite and reference. Include paraphrased information for written and presentation assignment. Highlight sections in the article(s) that you have paraphrased and submit article(s) to instructor. Complement researched information with textbook or reputable website (such as www.aota.org), cite and reference.
APA style format and content
Cover page: tabs, centering, page numbers, and running head as per APA style.
Font size, paragraph organization, headings, use of paraphrasing and citations are accurate.
Content is clear and topic is well organized in paragraphs with a clear introduction, body, and conclusion.
Reference page is in correct APA format. All references within 10 years.

Competency Skill Development 1007.1
Course: Introduction to OT: OTH 1007
Learning goals and performance outcome
Master Syllabus Objective # 14

Student will write a paper demonstrating preliminary skills required to use available university and library resources (including electronic databases to conduct a literature review), practice APA style research literature and data collection using professional journals, as well as critical thinking skills necessary for an independent learner.
ACTIVITY/PROCESS
Electronic submission
Submit paper and attachment electronically to instructor to meet deadline.
Attachment is uploaded without problems. In the event that either Blackboard or Turnitin are not available, student will communicate to instructor and submit paper as an attachment via email, and follow-up with instructor as needed
Oral presentation
Prepare a 5 to7-minute presentation using PowerPoint or another multimedia presentation format. Include:
Why is this area of interesting to you as a student? The answer to this questions should include a balance between your personal story and experiences and researched information used in your paper.
What kind of personal skills/abilities you possess that will be useful in this area
Summarize paper. Include in-text citations as pertinent and reference slide. Citations and references in the last slide have to be in APA format
RESOURCES
Supplies used to demonstrate skill
Computer with Wi-Fi, printer, projector, library journals, electronic databases, Blackboard or alternative platform.

Competency Skill Development 1007.1
Course: Introduction to OT: OTH 1007
Learning goals and performance outcome
Master Syllabus Objective # 14

Student will write a paper demonstrating preliminary skills required to use available university and library resources (including electronic databases to conduct a literature review), practice APA style research literature and data collection using professional journals, as well as critical thinking skills necessary for an independent learner.
EVALUATION RUBRIC
Student needs to be aware that according to department policy delineated in the policy, assignments not turned in on time will have a penalty of 10% per day.
Electronic submission of the paper is due by 8:00 am the first day of class, week 2. After that instructor will submit for student for a deduction of 5 points according to rubric. This is only for day one after due date. After that 10% deduction/day applies.
All hard copies submitted after 8:05 am of the first day of class, week 2 will receive a 10% deduction per day.
All students need to be prepared to present for day one of presentation. Hard copy of presentation (or email attachment) due by 8:05 am day one. After that, 10% deduction applies.

Tasks to be done prior to writing the paper to demonstrate the use of available college and library resources including electronic databases to conduct a literature review (10 % of the final competency grade)
Objectives Low Performance
0-2 points Average
3-4 points Exemplary
5 points Score

Use of library databases resources to conduct a literature review Student is unable to search the databases or,
Student does not submit a 5-reference list by the deadline or,
None of the 5 references correspond to an OT peer reviewed article Student submits the 5-reference list on time, but is not on APA format or,
Student submits the 5-reference list on time with only minor APA errors or,
Only one of the references correspond to an OT peer reviewed article Student submits the 5-reference list with 2 peer reviewed articles as indicated, all in APA format.
0-2 points 3-4 points 5 points Score
References are related to the selected area of interest Three out of the five references are not related to area of interest One or two of the references are not related to the area of interest All references are related to the area of interest

 

Competency Skill Development 1007.1
Course: Introduction to OT: OTH 1007
Learning goals and performance outcome
Master Syllabus Objective # 14

Student will write a paper demonstrating preliminary skills required to use available university and library resources (including electronic databases to conduct a literature review), practice APA style research literature and data collection using professional journals, as well as critical thinking skills necessary for an independent learner.
EVALUATION RUBRIC

Written paper to effectively communicate ideas, information and/or data from a variety of research sources in APA style (80% of final competency grade)
Objectives Low Performance
0-2 points Average
3-4 points Exemplary
5 points Score
APA format Gross neglect of format in terms of font, spacing, tabs, cover page, and running head Minor errors in APA format Format is consistent with APA format throughout the paper
0-2 points 3-4 points 5 points
In-text citations Omission of in-text citations for quoted material or paraphrased material.

Action plan indicated
Refer to Writing Studio
Errors in APA format of in-text citations such as Examples missing information, or omission in some cases.
Note: In-text citations need to be present for each sentence unless referring to an opinion of the author (student) Use of citation format is accurate and consistent throughout the paragraphs
0-2 points 3-4 points 5 points
Use of paraphrasing All cited material is quoted from the sources,
No paraphrasing

Action plan indicated
Refer to Writing Studio
Student is able to paraphrase at least 80% of the cited material Paraphrasing is evident and well implemented. Minimal use of quoted material

Competency Skill Development 1007.1
Course: Introduction to OT: OTH 1007
Learning goals and performance outcome
Master Syllabus Objective # 14

Student will write a paper demonstrating preliminary skills required to use available university and library resources (including electronic databases to conduct a literature review), practice APA style research literature and data collection using professional journals, as well as critical thinking skills necessary for an independent learner.
EVALUATION RUBRIC

Objectives Low Performance
0-6 points Average
7-8 points Exemplary
9-10 points Score

Vocabulary, grammar and, spelling Words are grossly misspelled and/or poor grammatical format. Vocabulary is poor or use of slang.
Action plan indicated
Refer to Writing Studio
Corrections needed on some wording. Use of terminology is inconsistent Minimal to no corrections needed. Paper exhibits excellent grammar, spelling, and good use of vocabulary including medical terminology when appropriate.
0-2 points 3-4 points 5 points
Reference page
Gross neglect of format for references. Multiple errors found.

Refer to Writing Studio
Reference list exhibits inconsistent use of format. No more than 3 errors found Reference list consistent with APA format with minimal to no errors including web sites.

Competency Skill Development 1007.1
Course: Introduction to OT: OTH 1007
Learning goals and performance outcome
Master Syllabus Objective # 14

Student will write a paper demonstrating preliminary skills required to use available university and library resources (including electronic databases to conduct a literature review), practice APA style research literature and data collection using professional journals, as well as critical thinking skills necessary for an independent learner.
EVALUATION RUBRIC

Objectives Low Performance
0-14 points Average
15-18 points Exemplary
19-20 points Score

Content of paper. Including following directions Ideas are scattered and disorganized.
Subject matter initially addresses assignment however digresses into other content areas. No clear beginning or end Some ideas/ information are well organized, but transitions are choppy or,
Conclusion does not accurately match with the information provided Introduction is well delineated. The body of the paper presents the information organized and flowing in order of complexity. Conclusion justifies choice of area
0-14 points 15-18 points 19-20 points
Content of paper related to research.
Inaccurate paraphrasing may indicate lack of understanding.
Errors in content or, The author (student) expresses opinions as facts or, reflect cultural and/or social bias. Content of paper shows lack of integration between the different sources cited. Researched information is minimally used to support student’s selection of area of interest Effectively manages APA rules for paraphrasing and integrating sources.
0-2 points 3-4 points 5 points
Submission of articles Article(s) missing or not highlighted. Article(s) submitted with appropriate highlighted sections
0-2 points 3-4 points 5 points
Electronic submission
Paper not submitted electronically to Blackboard or alternative platform Paper submitted electronically to Blackboard or alternative platform

Competency Skill Development 1007.1
Course: Introduction to OT: OTH 1007
Learning goals and performance outcome
Master Syllabus Objective # 14

Student will write a paper demonstrating preliminary skills required to use available university and library resources (including electronic databases to conduct a literature review), practice APA style research literature and data collection using professional journals, as well as critical thinking skills necessary for an independent learner.
EVALUATION RUBRIC
Presentation using multimedia to effectively communicate ideas, information and/or data from a variety of research sources (10 % of the final competency grade)

Objectives Low Performance
0-2 points Average
3-4 points Exemplary
5 points Score

Presentation: Speech Presenter mostly reads from notes or PowerPoint and seldom establishes eye contact with the audience and/or only looks at instructor. No introduction and/or conclusion
Presenter is consistent in speech, maintains eye contact with student audience; minimizes reliance on notes. Difficulties with the use of professional language
Presenter uses visual aid only as a guide. Consistently maintains eye contact with audience. Good introduction and conclusion

0-2 points 3-4 points 5 points
Presentation: Visual Aids Slides contain multiple spelling and/or grammar errors
Font size or poor contrast background are inadequate for seeing information from the back of the classroom.
Graphic is neat and clearly depicts the information. At least 80% of the slides are fully visible. References are not included in the PowerPoint.
Graphic is clear and professional looking, enhancing the message. Full APA-style reference at the end of the presentation

TOTAL SCORE

Competency Skill Development 1007.1
Course: Introduction to OT: OTH 1007
Learning goals and performance outcome
Master Syllabus Objective # 14

Demonstrate how to use available college and library resources including electronic databases to conduct a literature review, understand APA style, articulate importance of research studies and data collection using professional journals. Use critical analysis and employ logical thinking skills necessary for an independent learner.
EVALUATION RUBRIC
Comments:

Part I: Discuss your reaction or Alice Walker’s piece Turning Madness into Flowers #1

Part I: Discuss your reaction or Alice Walker’s piece Turning Madness into Flowers #1. (ATTACHED)

Part II: In your opinion, are the most important characteristics that distinguish American literature? Do you think that our literature is a good representation of ‘American Identity’?

Part III:  What contemporary author do you think will represent the early 21st century in an American literature class of the future? What do you think this writer brings to the table that is representative of American life or that shows a distinct and important cultural trend or message/theme that is worth studying?

Choose one of the two journal articles from Blackboard

Choose one of the two journal articles from Blackboard (PDFs for each article are uploaded) and write a 1500-word paper. Your choices of journal articles include:

Montoya, J. A., Wittenburg, D., & Martinez, V. (2016). Alcohol use among Hispanic college students along the US/Mexico border. The American journal of drug and alcohol abuse, 42(6), 707-714.

Wong, R. Y. M., & Hong, Y. Y. (2005). Dynamic influences of culture on cooperation in the prisoner’s dilemma. Psychological science, 16(6), 429-434.

For the final paper, you should address all of the following points and answer the questions listed below:

1. Summarize the paper (ALL questions must be answered)
o What were the hypotheses?
o What methods did the author(s) use?
o What were the results?
o What did the author(s) conclude?
2. Comment on the article’s theories/methods (TWO questions must be answered)
o Did the authors provide any alternative explanations and if so, what were they?
o Did you have any questions/comments about the methods that were used?
o What improvements to the methods would you recommend in order to exclude any possible confounding factors?
3. Come up with relevant new ideas that could be further explored (THREE questions must be answered)
o What could be further investigated along this line of research?
o Were there any variables that were excluded in the current study that could/should be included in the future?
o Would the study yield different results if it was conducted on a different population?
o Could a different method have been used in the current study? Would the alternative method yield different results?

Please answer the questions in your own words. Direct extraction of information from the journal article must be cited in proper APA format (you can use Purdue OWL online for instructions on how to do this; both in-text citations and reference page are required if you choose to include citations). If you do not do this, it will be considered plagiarism.

When writing this paper, you should try your best to describe the journal article you chose in your own words in order to indicate proper understanding of the article. Too much direct reference to the original paper (with minimal original wording) may lead to point deduction, as it is not from you and won’t be considered as your work.

You should specify which article you choose by putting the title of the article on top of your final paper. Your final paper must be written in 12-pt Times New Roman font and at least 1500 words (excluding title and references). There are no page limits, but you should make sure the word count is at least 1500 words. You will lose 30 points (15 points for font, 15 points for word count) if you do not do this.

Please submit your final paper through the appropriate folder/link on Blackboard. You will not be able to submit your final paper after 11:59pm on Sunday, April 29. It is your responsibility to make sure your final paper is completed and successfully turned in.

“journal article must be cited in proper APA format (you can use Purdue OWL online for instructions on how to do this; both in-text citations and reference page are required if you choose to include citations). If you do not do this, it will be considered plagiarism. ”