Essay Cove

Essay Cove

No title page and needs page number for in line citiation. 
Answer the 6 questions following each, about 4-5 sentences each:
  1. How is surgery different than other medical practices in the Hippocratic Oath, and socially in development?  (Also still in some medical school names?)  

  2. How do elements of the Byzantine Pantokrator Hospital compare with modern institutions?

  3. Where does Nutton differ with Miller on Byzantine hospitals of the 11th Century?

  4. How did the altar by Grnewald (1516) in the Isenheim infirmary address the situation of patients suffering from the Saint Anthonys fire disease? 
    What interventions, physical and spiritual, were available? Would you have found this comforting? [Hayum]

  5. What were Lesson(s) of the Hospitals [Foucault] in medicines reorganization in the wake of the French Revolution? [Note: Year I = ?  new calendar – for fun]

  6. What are advantages and disadvantages of the hospital setting? Are hospitals dangerous places? Would a return to house calls be useful?  [Hughs]

Material from class: 

  • Mohr, C. (2009). Surgerys past, present, and robotic future. Ted Talk.

  • Whats in a name?  

    • What is the etymology of surgery? 

    • Hippocratic Oath ~ surgery.

    • An ongoing distinction?

  • Cambridge Illustrated History of Medicine.(1996). Inventory of the Pantocrator Hospital, Constantinople (ca. 1130 AD),  p.70.

  • Nutton, V. (1986). Essay Review: Timothy S. Miller. The Birth of the Hospital in the Byzantine Empire.   Hist Med 30(2):218-221.Retrieved from

  • Hayum, A. (1989). Ch 1, Meaning and function: The hospital context. The Isenheim Altarpiece: Gods Medicine and the Painters Vision (Princeton UP). 13-52.

  • Isenheim Altar (images from Khan Academy):

  • Foucault, M. (2003). Ch 5: The Lesson of the Hospitals. The Birth of the Clinic: An Archeology of Medical Perception. New York: Routledge.  pp 64-87.
    Retrieved from

  • Hughs, R.G. (Ed.). (2008). Ch 3: An overview of To Err is Human: Re-emphasizing the message of patient safety. Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-based Handbook for Nurses. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

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